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BMPs (best management practices) are not just things that you buy from a catalog or from a warehouse, or things you do once and don’t need to think about again! Often the most effective BMPs are actually behavioral, managerial, or operations-based, and they set up the site for long-term success.


The ISGP has identified those BMPs that are required on all sites as a minimum but also provides lists and guidance for all other BMPs categorically so that you can select and apply them as needed in response to monitoring that identifies exceedance of permit benchmarks. This response is called a corrective action. Below are BMPs used for industrial stormwater management as identified categorically.

The BMPs utilized need to be identified and maintained as outlined in the SWPPP, and all maintenance logs and records should be kept with the SWPPP on-site or readily available.  

Operational BMPs

Operational BMPs are often defined by the term “good housekeeping”, which is much as it sounds: It is taking good care of the property, keeping it clean and orderly, and ensuring it is maintained, similar to what you would do in your house. It mainly entails putting things away and under cover, vacuuming, cleaning up after making a mess or having a spill, and making sure that staff is trained to understand the importance of good housekeeping and to try to keep it clean. As mentioned in the Corrective Action Page, operational BMPs are implemented as a level I corrective action.

Required Operational BMPs for Every ISGP Property

● Sweeping the site at least quarterly with a vacuum sweeper

● Dumpsters should have lids

● System cleaning

● Have a spill kit located according to the SPECP

● Annual employee education

Structural BMPs

Structural BMPs separate potential pollutant sources from being contacted by precipitation and carried by stormwater. They often take the form of roofs, berms, or ditches. These BMPs are highly effective but can require capital investment into a property as well as engineering and construction permits. Structural BMPs are also used as a Level II corrective action response.

Required Structural BMPs for Every ISGP Property

● Use grading, berming, or curbing to prevent runoff of contaminated flows and divert run-on away from these areas

● Perform all cleaning operations indoors, under cover, or in bermed areas that prevent stormwater runoff and run-on, also that capture any overspray

● Ensure that all wash water drains to a collection system that directs the wash water to further treatment or storage and not to the stormwater drainage system

IDDE – Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination – Preventing any process water from commingling in the stormwater system either at the surface or through incorrectly plumbed pipes

Treatment BMPs

Treatment BMPs take many forms from passive filtration to sophisticated flow-through systems with pumps and filters – and everywhere in between. Some focus on media performing pollutant removal, some use polymers called flocculants and some use both. Some systems are below ground and some are above. Every site has unique considerations and many treatment BMPs go through feasibility studies, engineering, and permitting to be implemented on a property.

Required Treatment BMPs for Every ISGP Property

● Oil water separation – This can be as simple as drain filters with oil sorption capability and downturned elbow structures in basin sumps, or as sophisticated as oil water separator structures with coalescing plates.